Vulcan is located on Highway 23 which links Vulcan with Lethbridge, AB to the south and Highway 2 at High River (north to Calgary, AB). Secondary Highway 534 also connects to Highway 533 to Highway 2 at Nanton, AB.
Greyhound Bus has a regularly scheduled coach service to Vulcan.
Vulcan has a municipal airport with a 3,000 foot paved, lighted runway. The nearest commercial and air freight services are in Lethbridge, while the nearest international airport facility is the Calgary International Airport (YYC).